Treating Sun Damage:
You may have gotten more exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays this summer than you’d like. Nothing frustrates those of us who know better than sunburn. But if you’re now surveying your skin for signs of damage, there is some good news: while prevention is always best and your only defense against skin cancer (wear sunscreen and protective clothing), there are ways to treat the appearance of sun-damaged skin.
The most serious risk with too much sun exposure is skin cancer. Sun damage can be visible as dark and rough patches on your skin (blemishes known as hyperpigmentation or sunspots) freckles, and moles, and too much exposure can contribute to wrinkles, and loose or sagging skin.
Retinoids are compounds derived from vitamin A that are available by prescription in topical creams.
Lightening agents that include hydroquinone, an ingredient with clinically proven skin-lightening properties, can be used in conjunction with a retinoid to lighten sunspots.
Vitamin C and other anti-oxidants
Laser resurfacing can peel away sun damage
Chemical peels encourage the dead top layer of skin to slough off, which in many cases will take with it areas of uneven pigmentation and precancerous lesions and fine lines.