Dry skin is one of the most common causes of itchy skin. If people do not see any bright red bumps or notice a sudden change to their skin, dry skin is a likely cause.
Environmental factors that can lead to dry skin include excessively hot or cold weather with low humidity, as well as washing too much. Dry skin can affect any age group, but as people age their skin becomes thinner and drier.
A good moisturizer can usually help to repair dry skin. Extremely dry skin can be a warning sign of dermatitis. People may need to see a dermatologist to help get relief and to keep their condition from getting worse.
Common signs and symptoms of dry skin include:
1) Rough, scaly, or flaking skin throughout the body
2) Excessive itching
3) Gray, or ashy-looking skin in people with darker skin
4) Cracks in the skin that are prone to bleeding
5) Chapped or cracked lips
It is important for people to seek help to treat dry skin because cracks in the skin can allow germs to enter. Once inside the skin, these germs can cause an infection. Red, sore spots on the skin are often an early sign of a potential infection.
A skin specialist may prescribe a special moisturizer to apply throughout the day or a topical medicine to apply directly to the skin